Turman Flooring Installation Recommendations
THE FOLLOWING GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS ARE PROVIDED AS A CONVENIENCE TO THE INSTALLER, BUT ALL FLOORING SHOULD BE INSTALLED IN ACCORDANCE WITH STANDARDS SET BY THE NATIONAL WOOD FLOORING ASSOCIATION OF THE NATIONAL OAK FLOORING ASSOCIATION.
- INSTALLER / OWNER RESPONSIBILITY
It is the responsibility of the installer/owner to make final inspection of the product prior to installation. He must use reasonable selectivity and hold out or cut off pieces with glaring defects, whatever the cause. Five percent (5%) must be added to actual square footage needed as allowance for cutting waste and mismanufacture. Should an individual piece be doubtful as to grade or manufacture the installer should not use the piece of flooring. If he does, Turman Hardwood Flooring's liability is limited to replacing the defective material above the 5% allowable defect limit (not the labor cost involved).
- STORAGE AND HANDLING
Store all flooring in a dry place. Be sure not to deliver until jobsite is fully enclosed and dry. Flooring should not be exposed to high humidity or moisture. Do not truck or unload flooring in rain, snow, or other excessively humid conditions. Cover it with a tarpaulin or vinyl if the atmosphere is foggy or damp. Also protect flooring from excessive heat. When job conditions are correct, deliver flooring and break up into small lots and store in rooms where it will be installed. Allow at least three days for flooring to become acclimated to the jobsite.
You will find the following tools helpful, if not necessary, for proper installation: table saw or circular saw, chalkline, tape measure, hammer, drill with 1/16" drill bit, nailset, and jamsaw or handsaw. A good quality power nailer in proper working condition will greatly speed installation.
Subfloors should be prepared in accordance with the standards published in great detail by NWFA, of which Turman Hardwood Flooring is a member. In general, the following rules are especially noteworthy. 3/4" flooring is meant for nail down installation only. It is to have a board (1x4 min.) or plywood (1/2" min.) subfloor over wooden joists. Do not nail over particle board or similar products. If it is a concrete subfloor, it will be necessary to add an approved wooden nailing surface as described in Association literature prior to installing the floor.
Installation should be done in accordance with approved practices as outlined in NWFA publication on 3/4" nail down installations. In general, the following rules are especially noteworthy:
- Be sure and remove any existing base, shoe, or other moldings which may be present. Under cut any existing door casings as required with jamsaw or handsaw.
- Nail all flooring at right angles to joists.
- Be sure and leave 3/4" expansion joint around edge of room for seasonal expansion and contraction.
- Be sure and rack the floor so as to space end joints properly so that no two joints are within 6" of joints on adjoining rows.
- Use proper spacing of nails. Have at least two nails per board. Space nails every 10" - 12". Do not place any nails within 4" of the end of a board. Position as many nails as possible in floor joists.
- Hand nail on top the first two rows of boards after laying your chalkline out from your starting wall. Predrill holes and remember to countersink the 8d and 10d hardened nails you use to nail these rows.
- Be sure to lay first course groove side to starting wall.